Other Trip Skills
Nobody knows how many tripping skills there are exactly in Shuai Jiao since so many groups have
developed different skills and variations over time.  But there are some skills that are commonly
practiced in all groups.  Understanding these can help you understand basic principles and specific
skills of Shuai Jiao.  Besides some face to face trip skills and turn body back trip skills, here we will
introduce some other typical Shuai Jiao skills:

Po Jiao:

Po means “ to quickly splash all the water from a container.”  Jiao means “foot” or “kick.”  Please
note that in Shuai Jiao you cannot kick your opponent’s leg or any part of the body in a hard or direct
manner.  So here a kick only means to set your foot or leg against the opponents to prevent his leg
or any part of his body from moving.  Thus Po Jiao means combining hand techniques like splashing
water with a kick from below.  

Po Jiao is typically a face-to-face and small movement skill.  For example, you have already
grabbed your opponent’s right sleeve with your left hand and his collar with your right hand.  You then
perform the four movements required for Po Jiao:

1. Pull your left hand pressing your right hand to your left and downward, moving him to his right.  At
the same time, stepping forward and to the left with your left foot, place the foot in front of his right
foot, as if to kick his right leg (Figure 1-a).  

2. Suddenly change your force to the opposite direction: pulling your right hand to your right side and
downward to make his head lean to his left side, and with your left hand pull up to help your right
hand move his body.  At the same time turn your body to the right, causing his body to move left and
around your body (Figure 1-b).  

3. Continuously pull your hands and turn your body, then shift your weight onto your left leg and kick
your right leg out, putting it on the left side of his left shin (Figure 1-c).  

4. Continuously pull your hands to your right and drop slightly. At the same time change your face to
the right and back.  This causes your body to turn back and pulls your opponent around you.  Since
your right foot is blocking his left leg to his left, and your hands are pulling him to his left, these
opposing forces make his body twist and lose balance, causing him to fall down to his left (Figure 1-
d, e).  

If you can do all of these movements in a quick, sudden, continuous, and smooth manner, you can
make a beautiful throw.  The series of photographs in Figure 1 illustrate this skill in practice.
Cha Shan:

Cha means “to insert” and Shan means “to dodge.”  Cha Shan is a face-to-face skill, also typically a hand
skill type of trip.  This skill requires necessary footwork, but without a leg trip.  Cha Shan includes two
movements, insert and dodge.  For example, assuming you have already clasped your opponent’s right
sleeve with your left hand, with your right hand empty, then you:

1. Pull your left hand to your right with your body turning to the right slightly (Figure 2-a).

2. Suddenly change your left hand force leftward and downward slightly, stepping forward with your right foot,
turning your body left a little bit, and inserting your right hand and arm to the back of your opponent under his
right arm.  It may seem that you want to turn your body around to do some turn waist back skill (Figure 2-b).  
Of course if you feel your opponent does not offer adequate resistance, you can really use some turn-waist-
back skill to throw him.  But if you do feel him resist your insert movement strongly, meaning that he pushes
the right side of your body hard to block your body from turning and moving in close to him, you would then:

3. Suddenly use your right hand to grab the back of his uniform (Figure 2-c) and pull back towards you, at the
same time stepping back with your right foot and turning your body right at least more than 125 degrees, like
a quick dodge (Figure 2-d, e).  

Your body rotation and hand pulling must be quick, sudden, powerful, and coordinated.  The step back must
be quick, as if dodging to the side to avoid being hit from a fast moving car.  The key point of this skill is to
make your opponent resist strongly when you insert your arm, and then to borrow his reaction force to pull him
toward you performing the dodge.  The series of photographs in Figure 2 illustrate this skill.
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