Body Movements
  Footwork must always be combined with proper body movement.  Important Shuai Jiao concepts of body
movement are:

Chou – suddenly escape: meaning you can suddenly take your body from one position to let your opponent’s
force miss its target.

Che – withdraw: meaning to get away from your opponent’s control.

Shan – quickly dodge: meaning to evade minimally while avoiding your opponent’s force.

Nian – adhere: meaning to maintain contact with your opponent.

Kong – empty: meaning to lure your opponent into an attack and make his force go to an empty place.

Body movement is so important because all of the Shuai Jiao arm and leg skills need to be coordinated with the
body.  Most of the throwing skills use hand skills to control or move the opponent, causing him to lose his balance,
while at the same time the foot or leg skills are used to throw him down.  This is based on a stratagem of  “tie up
above and set the trip below.”  The key lies in body movement, or more accurately, the waist.  It is said that the
waist is the central control point.  

In order to obtain a good grabbing position in the beginning, you need to hold your body in good starting
postures.  This is called the “Chu Jia” or “Chu Shi” – starting posture.  These postures allow you to easily initiate
attacks and defenses.  The series of photographs below show several common starting postures.
  Pushing Cart Postures
Opposite Postures
High Posture (left) and
Low Posture (right)
  Another important movement usually categorized under body movements is the head movement.  This is called
“Bian Lian” – “face changing”.  In Shuai Jiao, face changing is used to lead the body in turning back or twisting.  
Most of the time to set up a trip well, you need to use “face changing” to lead the turn of your body when
completing the skill.  Usually this is the last point in releasing your force and to make every part of your body work
together.  For example, if you were to use a back hook trip, you would first need to move in and turn your body in
front and to the left side of your opponent, you would then raise your right leg from the back to make his left leg
go up.  At this time, depending on how high your leg is, it could still be difficult to bring your opponent down,
because his body is on your right side and his right leg can still support his body well.  So the key point in regards
to this tripping skill is to change face after you bring his leg up - turn your face to your left.  This face changing will
cause your body to turn left and both of your arms will wrap your opponent and bring him down.  At this time your
body is over his body and his right leg position cannot support his balance well.  The series of photographs below
show this process of the face changing in a back hook trip.
  (1) Move in and turn the
(2) Raise the right leg
from the back
(3) Changing face to the left
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